The Dukla Memorial

The monumental memorial in Dukla mountain pass is a national cultural monument and was officially revealed in October 1949.

Nearby cemetery is the resting place of 563 soldiers of 1st Czechoslovak Army Corps among them being the commander of the 1st Czechoslovak Brigade General Jaroslav Vedral-Sázavský, Captain F. Vrána, Lieutenant M. Bilej, Lieutenant J. Churavý, Vít Nejedlý, R. Jasiok and others.

The national monument at the Dukla Pass is a work of art of Ing. Architect Jozef Grus. It shows the main attack on German defense in the territory of Poland and Czechoslovakia and at the same time it represents the gate of liberation. The memorial’s pylon together with a ceremonial hall is 28m (91.86ft) high and it encloses the southern side of the open-air natural cemetery.

On the occasion of the 20th anniversary commemorating the battles over the Dukla Pass the monument was completed by a bronze sculpture named "I accuse..." (“Žalujem…”). The mother from Dukla thanks to a Soviet soldier for liberating them but she also accuses of Munich, Lidice, Ležáky, Ostrý Grúň, Kremnička, Kľak and Tokajík.

The colonnade leading to the Memorial of the Czechoslovak People’s Army is placed with bronze panels engraved with names of 1 265 dead soldiers of 1st Czechoslovak Army Corps in USSR. These pieces of art are works of Academic Sculptor F. Patočka and Ing. Architect F. Jesenko. There is also an urn with cremains of Colonel M. Kudzej, member of the 1st Czechoslovak Army Corps in USSR. In the columbarium there are engraved names of places where the most well known battles of the 1st Czechoslovak Army Corps in USSR took place from Buzuluk (Russia) to Prague(Czech Republic). The portal of the columbarium is decorated with relieves and scenes from famous military routes of our Army Corps. These are works of art of national artist Ján Kulich.

In 1967 there was another sculpture unveiled - the symbol of Engineer Corps in Dukla. It depicts how the hands of sapper dispose the enemy’s antitank mine cup. It is a work of art of merited artist V. Löffler and national artist A. Ručka and architects M. Buda and J. Kurča. There is also a monument indicating the place where General Jaroslav Vedral-Sázavský was killed. At the border crossing on the way to the Observation Tower there is placed a symbol of Czechoslovak patrol entering the homeland.

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